East Asia Department

Uyghur

The modified Arab alphabet as used today for the Uyghur language in the Peoples’ Republic of China is romanized as shown in the following table:

Latin Uyghur Latin Uyghur Latin Uyghur
a

ا

sh

ش

ö

ۆ

b

ب

gh

غ

u

ۇ

p

پ

f

ف

ü

ۈ

t

ت

q

ق

w

ۋ

j

ج

k

ك

e

ې

ch

چ

ng

ڭ

i

ى

kh

خ

g

گ

y

ي

d

د

l

ل

v

ئ

r

ر

m

م

ä

ە

z

ز

n

ن

zh

ژ

h

ھ

s

س

o

و

Notes on the use of the transliteration table

  • Use the letter v for the so-called hamza which appears both initially and internally before vowels (vuyghur “Uyghur”, chätväl “foreign country”) on top of what looks like an undotted i in the Uyghur script.
  • Apply an apostrophe in order to distinguish the single letter ng from a sequence of n plus g if necessary (n’g).