The Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin owns about 390 Syrian manuscripts. The majority of the collection was acquired and catalogued by Eduard Sachau (1845-1930). The acquisitions after the publication of his catalogue in 1899 were described by Julius Assfalg in 1963.
A particular strength of the collection are the old Bible manuscripts on parchment (e.g. Phillipp's codex 1388, which contains the canons of Eusebius and must have been written before 677), the large collections of ecclesiastical poetry from Tur Abdin (e.g. codex Sachau 349, 355), patristic codices (e.g. Sachau 220), a magnificent gospel book from the 13th century (Sachau 304), but also valuable materials for the study of Syrian dialects (catalogue numbers 117-137 and 278-292).
Eduard Sachau himself commissioned copies on his travels to the Orient, these copies are today valuable sources, for example for Fellihi and Torani (Turoyo), both dialect forms of Neo-Aramaic.